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Please read the important information below before continuing to our website

Please read the important information below before continuing to our website.  

 

Important information for professional investors:

To enter the website, please confirm that you have read and understood the important information that is contained below by clicking "I Accept" at the bottom of this page.

THIS WEBSITE IS AIMED AT PROFESSIONAL INVESTORS IN THE NETHERLANDS

This website is published by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French asset management company approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority) (AMF) (17 place de la Bourse 75082 Paris Cedex 02) under the UCITS (2009/65/EC) and AIFM (2011/31/EU) directives. LIAM is registered in the Netherlands in the public register of the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (Autoriteit Financiële Markten) as a manager (beheerder) of a UCITS.

The website is hosted on Microsoft Azure servers.

This website is subject to French and Dutch law.

 

A professional investor is a professional investor (professionele belegger) within the meaning of the Act on the Financial Supervision (Wet op het financieel toezicht) (AFS).

A professional investor within the meaning of the AFS is one of the following:

  • a bank
  • a collective investment scheme (UCITS or AIF) and a management company of such scheme
  • a pension fund and management company of such fund
  • an investment firm
  • a national or regional governments, public bodies, central bank, international or supranational financial organisation or other type of international organisation
  • a market maker
  • a local: party trading only for its own account or providing quotes for trades in derivatives
  • an insurance company
  • a financial institution
  • commodity and commodity derivatives dealers
  • institutional investors whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments, including entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions
  • large undertakings meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis (a) balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000, (b) net turnover of EUR 40,000,000 and (c) own funds of € 2,000,000

 

Please note that the above summary is provided for information purposes only. If you are uncertain as to whether you can be classified as a professional investor within the meaning of the AFS then you should seek independent advice.

 

Marketing Restrictions and Implications

 

Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under the French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under the Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the Dutch regulatory system generally and for funds authorised in the Netherlands do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme, the Dutch Investor Compensation Scheme (beleggerscompensatiestelsel) or by any similar scheme.

 

This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.

 

Index Replication Process

 

Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.

 

However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.

 

A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 

 

Investment Risks

 

The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.

 

Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).

 

Specific Risks

 

·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme, the Dutch Investor Compensation Scheme (beleggerscompensatiestelsel) or by any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event. 

The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.

 

Tax

 

Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 

Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.

 

Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at www.lyxoretf.nl. Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the fund prospectus and any fund supplement of the fund concerned.

 

Although the content of the website is based upon information that LIAM consider reliable or comes from sources that LIAM consider reliable, LIAM have not verified such information. Lyxor make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of any information.  Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of the materials available on the website is prohibited.

 

Cookies

This website uses cookies to make the website work or improve your user experience. Cookies are small text files that are saved on your computer or device, which are used for several purposes such as detecting preferences and improving site navigation. By continuing to use this website you consent for cookies to be used. For more details, including how to amend your preferences, please read our [Privacy and Cookies Policy] link to privacy & cookie page.

By clicking "I Confirm" to the Terms of this website and accessing the information on the website, you shall be deemed to have represented to us that you are not a U.S. person and that you are not located in the United States of America, its territories and possessions, and any State of the United States of America and that you are authorised to receive the information to and on this website.

 

 

 

I CONFIRM THAT I HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE IMPORTANT INFORMATION THAT IS CONTAINED ABOVE, CONFIRM THAT I AM A PROFESSIONAL INVESTOR AND ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THE PRIVACY AND COOKIES POLICY. 

 

Important information for private investors:

To enter the website, please confirm that you have read and understood the important information that is contained below by clicking "I Accept" at the bottom of this page.

This website is published by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French asset management company approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority) (AMF) (17 place de la Bourse 75082 Paris Cedex 02) under the UCITS (2009/65/EC) and AIFM (2011/31/EU) directives. LIAM is registered in the Netherlands in the public register of the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (Autoriteit Financiële Markten) as a manager (beheerder) of a UCITS.

The website is hosted on Microsoft Azure servers.

This website is subject to French and Dutch law.

 

The Act on the Financial Supervision (Wet op het financieel toezicht) (AFS).

The AFS is one of the following:

  • a bank
  • a collective investment scheme (UCITS or AIF) and a management company of such scheme
  • a pension fund and management company of such fund
  • an investment firm
  • a national or regional governments, public bodies, central bank, international or supranational financial organisation or other type of international organisation
  • a market maker
  • a local: party trading only for its own account or providing quotes for trades in derivatives
  • an insurance company
  • a financial institution
  • commodity and commodity derivatives dealers
  • institutional investors whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments, including entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions
  • large undertakings meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis (a) balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000, (b) net turnover of EUR 40,000,000 and (c) own funds of € 2,000,000

 

Please note that the above summary is provided for information purposes only. If you are uncertain as to whether you can be classified as a professional investor within the meaning of the AFS then you should seek independent advice.

 

Marketing Restrictions and Implications

 

Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under the French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under the Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the Dutch regulatory system generally and for funds authorised in the Netherlands do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme, the Dutch Investor Compensation Scheme (beleggerscompensatiestelsel) or by any similar scheme.

 

This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.

 

Index Replication Process

 

Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.

 

However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.

 

A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 

 

Investment Risks

 

The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.

 

Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).

 

Specific Risks

 

·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme, the Dutch Investor Compensation Scheme (beleggerscompensatiestelsel) or by any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event. 

The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.

 

Tax

 

Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 

Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.

 

Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at www.lyxoretf.nl. Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the fund prospectus and any fund supplement of the fund concerned.

 

Although the content of the website is based upon information that LIAM consider reliable or comes from sources that LIAM consider reliable, LIAM have not verified such information. Lyxor make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of any information.  Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of the materials available on the website is prohibited.

 

Cookies

This website uses cookies to make the website work or improve your user experience. Cookies are small text files that are saved on your computer or device, which are used for several purposes such as detecting preferences and improving site navigation. By continuing to use this website you consent for cookies to be used. For more details, including how to amend your preferences, please read our [Privacy and Cookies Policy] link to privacy & cookie page.

By clicking "I Confirm" to the Terms of this website and accessing the information on the website, you shall be deemed to have represented to us that you are not a U.S. person and that you are not located in the United States of America, its territories and possessions, and any State of the United States of America and that you are authorised to receive the information to and on this website.

 

 

 

I CONFIRM THAT I HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE IMPORTANT INFORMATION THAT IS CONTAINED ABOVE, CONFIRM THAT I  ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THE PRIVACY AND COOKIES POLICY. 

16 Jul 2021

Webcast recap: Sovereign green bonds are a huge new opportunity

On 8 July, Lyxor hosted a webcast on sovereign green bonds alongside Sean Kidney, CEO and co-founder of Climate Bonds Initiative. We discussed the booming sovereign green bond market, the new opportunities for climate-focused investors, and Lyxor’s newly launched ETF (Ticker: ERTH), the world’s first eurozone government green bond ETF. Below are a few edited highlights from the webcast, which you can listen to in full here.

Speakers:

  • Sean Kidney, CEO and co-founder, Climate Bonds Initiative
  • François Millet, Head of Strategy, ESG and Innovation, Lyxor ETF
  • Philippe Baché, Head of Fixed Income Product, Lyxor ETF

Sean, what are the most interesting developments in the sovereign bond market in the past few years?

Sean Kidney: The most interesting development is that there is a sovereign bond market! A few years ago: nada, zip, nothing. It took the French government deciding to issue sovereign bonds before we saw any action. I will say, this started a bit of an arms race for sovereign bonds. The Polish government decided to pip them at the post, quickly issuing the first sovereign green bond while the French were still organising their programme. The Agence France Trésor [the agency responsible for managing France’s debt and cash position] came to market in a studied and careful way, and France now has by far the largest global green sovereign market, with around €40bn of issuance. That said, we’ve seen a lot of other ones come to market.

The broader green bond market is exploding too. It will have some 80% growth this year alone, and will soon have two trillion dollars outstanding. €2 trillion sounds like a lot, but there’s a €100trn bond market, so there’s still a long way to go. The space we really have to grow into is sovereign bonds: there’s about €55 trillion of those and only around €120 billion of that figure is green bonds. That means the growth opportunity is in the sovereign space. It’s a late starter in the past few years ago, but now we’re seeing issuance everywhere around the world.

So, what’s most interesting and exciting is the fact that this market exists at all and is growing so fast. It provides opportunities to investors which weren’t there before, and it demonstrates to governments the positive attention they can receive when they provide investments that are relevant to addressing climate change. That emboldens them to do more, which is exactly what we need.

What can you tell us about the role of individual governments in green bond issuance?

SK: I’ve already talked about the French government. Full credit to them: they’ve been fleshing out a yield curve and doing demonstration issuance and discovered, much to their surprise, that they can reap rewards for the French treasury.

Each treasury around the world has a similar approach. There’s the benefits to grow the private green bond market, pour encourager les autres if you like, and there are the benefits to their own scheme of signalling what the government is doing for investors, increasing investor engagement and telling citizens about the work they’re doing. When the Dutch government issued their green bond, where most of the proceeds went to coastal protection – you thought ‘ah, that makes a lot of sense’. It was fantastic they did that and drew attention to the work they’re doing.

Similarly, when Fiji issued its two green bonds it was about drawing attention to the climate change adaptation challenges of a small island state. It worked. They got media coverage right around the world and some consequent benefits for the Fijian government.

François, what factors do you think explain the huge increase in issuance and investment? Is there a genuine drive towards net zero?

François Millet: It all starts with the role of green bonds in an investment portfolio. Sovereign bonds make up around 54% of a typical global aggregate index. Yet until 2016, there was absolutely zero in terms of green sovereign bonds for portfolio allocation. That was the gap, the missing link there which has now been repaired. And there has been a rapid growth of the market, especially in the last two years. We’re not talking about France alone anymore, but a market where 30% of the outstanding sovereign green sovereign bonds have been issued this year.

That’s an amazing stat. Six months ago we couldn’t even have launched our new sovereign green bond ETF because it wouldn’t have met the diversification ratio needed in UCITS ETF regulation. Now we’re comfortable with that, thanks to the multiplication of issuers.

Any investor should have a green bond strategy because all the building blocks are there to do it now. The liquid and diversified aspect for sovereign bonds was missing, but that’s not the case anymore. That’s why we’ve seen the market almost double in size in about one year.

From an investor’s perspective, what’s going on in the change of attitude of investors?

FM: I think the change comes from two areas: first, portfolio objectives are changing. On top of the return-seeking objectives and ESG criteria, investors are increasingly looking to align their portfolios – committing to a certain warming scenario with no or limited overshoot, for example. This is a different concept. More investors are committing to Net Zero and showing that they are restructuring portfolios to meet this alignment target.

The second change of attitude is that there is an ever-growing request for traceability. Green bonds that provide info on use of proceeds but also report impact are essential, because investors want to know not only how climate change impacts the portfolio, but how the portfolio impacts climate change. Now they look for impact metrics, and are pushed that way by regulation too.

In the next stage of the new SFDR* regulation for investment managers, we will be supposed as investment managers to report the ‘green share’ of all our portfolios, and the investment management company itself, and we’ll be required to provide the percentage of electricity in our portfolio which is from a renewable origin. The regulations are pushing investors towards traceability and impact at the same time as the major shift in public opinion is doing so too.

Philippe, what has been Lyxor’s response to these developments in terms of product? What does Lyxor bring to its clients?

Philippe Baché: Our current range has three different options for taking a position on green bonds. First, there’s what we think of as our pioneer product, CLIM, the first green bond ETF launched in 2017, which now totals more than €570m in AUM. This is an aggregate product because it combines exposure to sovereigns, quasi-sovereigns and corporates. Second, another aggregate green bond ETF, this time with additional ESG screening. XCO2 excludes some controversial activities as well.

And third, the new product that we launched at the start of July. This trades under the ticker ERTH and it’s specifically dedicated to sovereign issuers in the eurozone, to help support investors’ Net Zero carbon objectives and to perform several potential roles in a portfolio as it has several quite interesting characteristics.

ERTH can be used as an investment tool for a Net Zero strategy adapted to the government bond exposure of a fixed income portfolio. Given the long-term nature of the green bond market, the rates exposure of this portfolio will be greater than the rates exposure of a standard government bond exposure. And maybe most interesting, thinking about what François said earlier, it offers dedicated use-of-proceeds reporting, and traceability in the sovereign bond market.

Watch the full replay to hear more from each of our speakers, including:

  • Analysis of the latest green bond issuance in Europe, including country breakdown
  • Investor demand for recent primary market issuance
  • The ‘greenium’ question
  • Portfolio characteristics of Lyxor’s new ERTH ETF


The view from Lyxor

The day is coming when a company’s fortunes will depend on the size of its carbon footprint, the global warming scenario it implies and its willingness to address broader societal issues, just as much as ordinary financial metrics. The best investment decisions keep this bigger picture in mind.

Our SFDR 9 compliant Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF, Lyxor Green Bond ESG Screened (DR) UCITS ETF, and Lyxor Euro Government Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF offer simple ways for investors to take direct climate action in their fixed income portfolios. You can also learn about the impact our flagship Green Bond ETF had in our 2020 impact report.

Learn more about Green Bond ETFs 

*SFDR: Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation.

Risk Warning

This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2014/65/EU. These products comply with the UCITS Directive (2009/65/EC). Société Générale and Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) recommend that investors read carefully the “investment risks” section of the product’s documentation (prospectus and KIID). The prospectus and KIID are available free of charge on www.lyxoretf.com, and upon request to client-services-etf@lyxor.com.

Except for the United-Kingdom, where this communication is issued in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658, this communication is issued by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French management company authorized by the Autorité des marchés financiers and placed under the regulations of the UCITS (2014/91/EU) and AIFM (2011/61/EU) Directives. Société Générale is a French credit institution (bank) authorised by the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (the French Prudential Control Authority).

The products mentioned are the object of market-making contracts, the purpose of which is to ensure the liquidity of the products on the London Stock Exchange, assuming normal market conditions and normally functioning computer systems. Units of a specific UCITS ETF managed by an asset manager and purchased on the secondary market cannot usually be sold directly back to the asset manager itself. Investors must buy and sell units on a secondary market with the assistance of an intermediary (e.g. a stockbroker) and may incur fees for doing so. In addition, investors may pay more than the current net asset value when buying units and may receive less than the current net asset value when selling them. Updated composition of the product’s investment portfolio is available on www.lyxoretf.com. In addition, the indicative net asset value is published on the Reuters and Bloomberg pages of the product, and might also be mentioned on the websites of the stock exchanges where the product is listed.

Prior to investing in the product, investors should seek independent financial, tax, accounting and legal advice. It is each investor’s responsibility to ascertain that it is authorised to subscribe, or invest into this product. This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This material is of a commercial nature and not a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor Asset Management (together with its affiliates, Lyxor AM) or any of their respective subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein.

Research disclaimer

Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) or its employees may have or maintain business relationships with companies covered in its research reports. As a result, investors should be aware that LIAM and its employees may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. Investors should consider this report as only a single factor in making their investment decision. Please see appendix at the end of this report for the analyst(s) certification(s), important disclosures and disclaimers. Alternatively, visit our global research disclosure website www.lyxoretf.com/compliance.

Conflicts of interest

This research contains the views, opinions and recommendations of Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists. To the extent that this research contains trade ideas based on macro views of economic market conditions or relative value, it may differ from the fundamental Cross Asset and ETF Research opinions and recommendations contained in Cross Asset and ETF Research sector or company research reports and from the views and opinions of other departments of LIAM and its affiliates. Lyxor Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists routinely consult with LIAM sales and portfolio management personnel regarding market information including, but not limited to, pricing, spread levels and trading activity of ETFs tracking equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Trading desks may trade, or have traded, as principal on the basis of the research analyst(s) views and reports. Lyxor has mandatory research policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to (i) ensure that purported facts in research reports are based on reliable information and (ii) to prevent improper selective or tiered dissemination of research reports. In addition, research analysts receive compensation based, in part, on the quality and accuracy of their analysis, client feedback, competitive factors and LIAM’s total revenues including revenues from management fees and investment advisory fees and distribution fees.

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